Prostate cancer is a disease that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is extremely fashionable as by far the most factors behind death in the usa.
The prostate itself is mainly responsible for creation of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is found between your bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the disease we must have finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This really is one answer for that question why this generally found in men aged fifty years along with the most often diagnosed in the seventies. Indeed in step with the age, symptom that had been not visible is going to be visible. a common complaint expressed by people with the illness is pain, particularly when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the presence of imp-otence problems.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or having a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is definitely the antigen if it within someone`s blood, a doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will probably be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate 3d prostate treatment for prostate cancer remains to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, according to the stage. In early stages can be used prostatectomy (elimination of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be carried out (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or perhaps the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removal of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is made inside the abdomen or perineal area, and also the patient needed to undergo hospital solution for 5-1 week. Complications that will happen is that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who happen to be still active love life, can be accomplished Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removal of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes physical and psychological effects that may not really tolerated through the patients. Orkiektomi is an excellent treatment, does not require re-treatment, when compared with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done about the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of the, B and C. Usually if the danger of surgical treatment is way too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy towards the prostate gland can be done in numerous ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Unwanted effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (including redness and irritation), injury or burns towards the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done as much as 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive right on prostate tissue by way of a small incision. The benefit of this particular type of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed straight to the prostate with tissue damage inside the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The objective is to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Lowering of testosterone levels are frequently very effective in preventing the increase and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly employed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more widely used to treat advanced prostate cancer. A good example is the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration mainly because it provides the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given in the form of injections, usually every 90 days. One side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to prevent the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often employed to treat signs of prostate cancer is immune to hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or blend of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that will accustomed to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You need to carefully take into account the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to obtain the prostate cancer treatment options that are great for along.